Map of Peru and Peru Flag Facts

Map of Peru

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Outline Map of Peru

Outline Map of Peru

Satellite Map of Peru

Satellite Map of Peru

Old Map of Peru

Old Map of Peru

Realistic 3D Map of Peru

Realistic 3D Map of Peru

Illustration map of Peru with city, landmarks and nature

Illustration map of Peru with city, landmarks and nature

In this article we are going to explore a beautiful country called Peru that is filled with numerous geographical delights. We can divide this magnificent country into three different regions. The most amazing thing is these three different geographical areas, the Highlands, the rainforest of Amazon, and the coast, have different climates and ecosystems. It is fair to say that Peru has a rich history with complex geographical divisions.

South America’s third-largest country Peru is paved for 798,000 square miles. You will be amazed to know that this country is five times bigger than the United Kingdom. The Pacific Ocean lies in the west, Columbia and Ecuador share borders in the north, Chile shares its border in the south while Bolivia and Brazil share borders in the east of Peru.

We can divide Peru into 11 ecological regions that include breathtaking snow-capped peaks, rugged mountains, beautiful rivers, an arid coastline, and lush greenery of rainforest. 

The Highlands 

One of the most pleasing regions in Peru is the Highlands. This is a mountain region that is fully dominated by the Andes Mountains. This is also the second-highest mountain range in the world. The highest peak in Peru, Huascaran, reaches over 22,200 feet. So if you are planning to visit this country, don’t forget to check out one of the highest tropical peaks in the world, Huascaran. The range of Andes Mountains lines in the north and proudly runs through the south. The Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Occidental, the two different mountain ranges, are the backbones of this country. This is basically a tropical region, but you will be surprised to know that the Andes have beautiful glaciers. 

Half of the population of Peru depends on agricultural lands. The pleasantness of these awe-striking rugged landscapes, jugged ranges, and deep canyons is truly a reward for the travelers. The eastern part of Andes receives the most rainfalls and that is why this region looks like it is wearing green clothing.

The rainforest of Amazon

The rainforest of Amazon is the largest natural reserve of Peru. The main attraction of this place is the Peruvian jungle, which is situated in the Amazon basin. The rainforest of Amazon (the part that sits in Peru) is dominated by this jungle and is basically a transition zone. It lies in the middle of the low jungle and Andean highlands. Peruvian Jungle is popular for the highland jungle and the cloud forest.

Another name of the highland jungle is Ceja de Selva. You will find all the famous and celebrated cities like TingoMaria and Tarapoto in this particular region. The weather is always hot as well as humid. The average low temperature is 17 degrees Celsius, while the average high temperature is 31 degrees Celsius. The level of humidity usually varies from 80% to 90%. You can visit this region anytime in a year but April to October is the best time to visit this place. The lowland Jungle of the Amazon basin is also known as Selva Alta. From the breathtaking winding rivers to the long and beautiful Amazon River, everything is here.

63% of the national territory of this country is covered by the famous Peruvian jungle but it holds only 11% of the population of Peru. The cities of Pucallpa and Puerto Maldonado can be considered as exceptions as these cities are densely populated compared to other parts of this region. The rainy season starts in November and lasts until March. If you visit the Peruvian Jungle between April to October, you can easily drive on the roads. From May to August, the southern part of this jungle offers extremely cold weather and the temperature drops to 12 degrees Celsius. Local people call it friajes.

The Coast

This lowland features amazing beaches, multiple fertile valleys, and desserts. The region is also popular as a desert landscape. The temperature of this place is always low because of the Pacific Ocean. If you decide to visit this particular part of Peru then, don’t forget to take your winter clothes. Although, Garua, the coastal fog will give you moisture and comfort you will also witness smoggy skies.

The dessert area sits in between the mountains of Andes and the Humboldt sea. The dessert begins from Nazca in the south and paves till the Chilean border. The most interesting part is the Arequipa City lies exactly in between Andes foothills and the coast. People love to visit this place to witness deep canyons and towering volcanoes available in the lowland plains.

If you are a travel enthusiast, you must visit the north coast to enjoy cities like Chiclayo, Trujillo, Tumbes, and Piura. You will witness the true beauty of nature, starting from dry desserts to an amazing view of coastal fog. Furthermore, don’t forget to visit the tropical savanna, dry forests, and mangrove swamps. If you are a beach lover, then we recommend visiting Mancora which is one of the most famous beaches in Peru.

How is the climate of Peru?

Peru is popular for its diverse climate. If you visit the most popular Andes mountain, you can enjoy chilling temperatures with rainy summers and dry winters. On the other hand, the coastal area gets no rainfall. This is basically a dry area, while the lowlands in the east offer a hotter climate. This region enjoys rainfall throughout the year.

If you are planning to visit Peru in the dry season then this will occur in the winter which spans from May and lasts till September. On the other hand, the wet season is summer that starts in December and ends in March. People tend to visit this place between May to October because these are the driest months but according to the airlines and renowned hotels, December to January is considered to be the visitor’s peak months. So do keep in mind if you visit Peru in these months you will have to pay the highest prices for the hotels.

We also recommend trying to avoid travelling in the month of July as it is the national holiday month as you may have difficulty finding accommodation, so better to book early if you are planning a trip in July.

Peru flag 

National Flag of Peru

(National Flag of Peru)

Importance of Flags in general 

Flags have been used for thousands of years and for nations it is highly valuable. It is the prime sign of representation of the organisation, community, leadership and business. These are used for the identification of the nation and contain visual symbols. For the Nations, flags are symbols of respect, pride and dignity. Flags are used to describe the ideology and ideals of the nations. They represent the  symbol of unity, strength and liberty. It is a source of inspiration and pride for the citizens of a particular nation. Some facts about the Peru flag are given below.

Appearance

Peru’s National flag consists of 3 equal vertical red and white stripes. The red colour on the flag is the symbol of the bloodshed; on the other hand, the white color represents justice and peace. On February 25, 1824, the flag was declared as the official flag of the country. With the various emblems at the centre, Peru’s flag contains different variants. These variations represent unique purposes. On the 7th of June, the National Flag day, in Peru, is celebrated.

State Flag

It is famous officially as Pabellon Nacional. It contains white, red, and at the centre coat of arms of the country. On the national ceremonies, the flag is hoisted in the presence of the spectators, officials, government officials and president. In the Government offices, the flag is hoisted on the building.

Civil Flag

It is famous officially as Bandera Nacional. It is similar to the state flag but without the arms coat. General Manuel A.Odria designed it without a coat of arms in 1950.

Peruvian War Flag

It is famous with the name of Bandera de Guerra. This is the same as the national flag. It has the national shield instead of a coat of arms. The disciplined forces use this flag. The military and police are disciplined forces.

Peruvian Naval Jack

The design of this flag has been taken from the other flags. It has a red field with a white square. The center of the flag contains the coat of arm. It is utilised on the battleships of the country.

Top visiting places in Peru

If you are in Peru, you can enjoy multiple stunning landscapes, including beautiful deserts, jungles, and highlands. The magnificent colonial architecture attracts many travellers from all over the world.

Lima, the capital of Peru

Let’s start our journey with the magnificent city of the kings, which is also known as the capital of Peru. Lima is popular for multiple industries and rich colonial history. You must visit the local museums to taste the rich history of this country. Museo Larco is a famous Museum that exhibits the pre-Colombian ancient collections.

Nature lovers can enjoy the breathtaking coastal view of the Pacific Ocean in Parque del Amor. Not to mention, Huaca Pucllana gives you a dose of ancient history and shopping buffs can spend some quality time in Larcomar.

Cusco, UNESCO’s World Heritage Site

Cusco shows the power and beauty of the Inca Empire. It actually deserves the title of UNESCO’s World Heritage site. This city beautifully showcases the colonial architecture and the narrow streets of the 16th century. If you are in this city, you will get a romantic European vibe. Inkaterra La Casona is the best place to stay in. Otherwise, you can enjoy the Spanish décor with amazing cozy features in the historic hotel Plaza de las Nazarenas.

The Sacred Valley or the Urubamba Valley

The Sacred Valley is one of the most visited destinations in Peru. If you are a history lover and would like to know more about Inca and their outdoor activities, then this should be your ultimate destination. Adventure seekers can get an adrenaline rush here. Starting from mountain biking to hiking, horse riding and much more are waiting for you. Apart from that numerous or striking locations will make your journey more exciting. Machu Picchu is a place which you shouldn’t miss and the Salinas de Maras offers a spectacular view of 3000 salt plants. You just have to drive 3 miles from Moray to enjoy the terraced ponds. 

Additionally, there are a lot more sites for the visitors such as Nazca desert and the Amazon.

Peru’s major festivals

One of the most colourful festivals in Peru, is Fiesta de la Candelaria. When over 140,000 dancers and musicians start performing on the street, the environment becomes magical. 

Inti Raymi is another great festival that is known as the Sun festival also. People celebrate this festival by dancing and singing together.

The international harvest festival is popular for producing wine from the first grapes. 

Local public transport gives you every possible support. So if you are an adventure seeker, then don’t miss the chance to visit the amazing country of Peru.

BOOK ACCOMMODATION IN ANY PART OF PERU AT GREAT PRICES

See Also

Map and Flags of countries in South America 

Hi and welcome to my travel blog! Based in London, I work in investment banking in a quantitative field and although I am not part of the travel industry, I have a ton of passion for travel. My blog is a reference guide for my fellow travelers with the same passion as me. Hopefully the blog is easy to navigate and my aim is to bring the most relevant and interesting information before you begin your journey!

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